101 Facts About Moose


Moose
  • The moose is the largest member of the deer family.
  • The name moose is common in North America; it comes from the word moosh.
  • The moose is the tallest mammal in North America.  
  • The moose is one of the largest land mammals in North America.
  • Moose are famous for different sizes and shapes of antlers.
  • The largest moose is the Alaskan moose that can stand at seven feet tall.
  • Moose can be identified by their long, rounded snouts, huge flattened antlers, humped back, thin legs and massive bodies.
  • Moose are part of the deer family, which includes caribou, deer, moose and wapiti. 
  • For 101 facts on narwhals, click here.
Moose
  • The moose are six feet tall from shoulders to feet. 
  • Females weigh between 800 to 1,300 pounds and males have weighed 1,200 to 1,600 pounds
  • The moose has long, thick, light to dark brown fur skin.
  • The front legs of a moose are longer than its back legs. This helps them more easily jump over things lying in its path.
  • Moose have ahump on a back caused by massive shoulder muscles.
  • A moose has wide hooves which act like snowshoes, helping the moose walk in the snow.
  • A bull moose in full spread of antlers is said to be the most impressive animal in North America. 
  • The moose is active in the day, especially at morning and sunset.
  • Moose have short tails, with a hump on their shoulders and large ears that can rotate to give them stereophonic hearing.
  • Moose can run at speeds up to 43 to 45 km/h.
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Moose
  • Moose have very poor eyesight but good hearing and an excellent sense of smell.
  • In summer, especially during fly season, moose like to live in water for several hours each day.
  • They are very good swimmers and can swim as fast as six miles an hour in the water. 
  • They can dive more than 5 meters underwater when searching for food.
  • They have been known to swim distances up to 19 km.
  • The moose is usually a peaceful animal but can become aggressive when in danger.
  • For 101 facts on bighorn sheep, click here.
Moose
  • Moose lose their antlers once a year.
  • A grown-up male moose is called a bull.
  • A female moose is known as a cow.
  • A baby moose is known as a calf.
  • In summer, food is far more plentiful in North America.  When the ice melts, moose are often seen in lakes, rivers, or wetlands, feeding on water plants both at and below the surface.
  • Females give birth to one or two calves in the spring—each weighing up to 30 pounds.
  • The vocalizations of a newborn calf is a low grunt, but after a few days the calf develops a loud wail that sounds almost human.
  • Moose only live in areas that have seasonal snow.
  • Moose cannot tolerate temperatures above 80 degrees.

If you would like to find out more about the moose, I have written a complete guide you may like. You can find the article here.

Moose
  • Moose have been measured to be the least social animal.
  • Moose remain alone, except when it comes to mating.
  • During mating season, some leading male moose in Alaska will guide a group of females together to create a harem herd.
  • They spend most time finding new grazing spots, eating and resting to let their food digest.
  • Moose tend to graze on leaves, bark, pine cones, twigs and buds of trees and shrubs.
  • They have four-chambered stomachs, as do other ruminants such as cows.
  • Moose have long faces and a dewlap on their chins.
  • Moose live on land but will go into water.
  •  Moose use antlers only for fighting for a mate.
  • For 101 facts on grizzly bears, click here.
Moose
  • Around 50 percent of moose babies die due to bear or wolf attacks before they are 6 weeks old.
  • The worldwide population of moose is estimated to be about 1.5 million and increasing.
  • Hundreds of moose are killed in Alaska every year, which has the highest rate of moose-vehicle collisions in the world.
  • The plural of moose is moose, not mooses or meese.
  • The word moose comes from the native North American Algonquian Indian word meaning twig eater.
  • Alaskan moose have antlers that can span up to 6 feet. 
  • Baby moose grow very quickly, gaining 2.2 lbs. (1 kg) per day while they are nursing.
  •  Adult moose, have a high chance for survival due to their large size. 
  • For 101 facts on blue whales, click here.
Moose
  • Moose hair is hollow. This type of fur helps to insulate the animal from the cold.
  • The flap of skin that hangs below a moose’s chin is called a bell or dewlap. 
  • The largest sized antlers are usually produced when bulls are 10 – 12 years old.
  • Moose eat only plants. They are herbivores.
  • Food is fermented in the first chamber of the stomach, and nutrients are extracted in the next three sections.
  • With their enormous physical power and energy, they can travel over almost any land.
  • With the help of their long legs they easily travel over dead trees or through snow that would stop a deer or wolf.
  • Before bedding down, a moose usually travels upwind for a time and then swings back in a limited circle.
  • For 101 facts on polar bears, click here.
Moose
  • Moose are commonly found in open meadows and in ponds during summer feeding on aquatic plants.
  • Moose have no upper front teeth.
  • Moose have to drink large quantities of water during warm weather.
  • At late August or early September, moose begin changing their diet to include willow, aspen, poplar and birch.
  • In the early winter they can be found near their rutting areas feeding on low shrubs such as diamond-leaf willow, which become snow-covered later in the winter.
  • Their diet moves back to leaves and herbaceous plants as soon as these items become available in the spring.
  • The young calves are born tan in color.
  • Moose are remarkable in appearance because of their towering size, dark color, long legs, pendulous hush, and floppy hairy dewlap.
  • The moose is a browser of food.
  • The female gives birth during the spring or summer.
  • Within their first day of life, baby calves can stand up on their own.
  • Calves are weaned after about six months and stay with their mother until the next young are born.

If you would like to find out more about the moose, I have written a complete guide you may like. You can find the article here.

Moose
  • Mothers are very protective of their babies.
  • The early months of a young moose life are the most dangerous. Wolves and bears are natural predators and a threat to calves.
  • The male moose has huge broad and flat antlers that can stretch 4 to 5 feet across.
  • Antlers start to grow in the early summer.
  • When antlers first start to grow, they are covered with a soft hairy skin called velvet.
  • Alaska has the largest moose in the world. 
  • Every winter, moose drop their antlers and then grow a new pair in the spring.
  • Paddles are only found on male moose and used mainly for fighting and displaying. 
  • Antlers are also a great sign of age. With each winter, young moose paddles grow in size: nubs becoming points and points becoming full racks.
  • Just like the moose themselves, antlers come in different sizes.
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Moose
  • A full grown moose’s antlers can weigh about 40 pounds. 
  • On average, moose live 10 to 15 years in the wild.
  • Moose are considered fully mature at 4 to 5 years of age.
  • The moose population in North America is estimated to be fewer than 1.5 million, with up to 200,000 estimated to live in Alaska.
  • Moose must eat almost 10,000 calories per day to maintain their body weight.
  • Because of their heavy bodies suspended by their spindly legs, moose are especially dangerous when hit by passenger cars. If you are driving in an area where moose are plentiful, use caution and pay attention at all times.
  • Moose eat aquatic plants to get enough sodium in their diet.
  • One theory why moose lose their antlers is that it makes it easier for bulls to scavenge in the winter, when food is not as abundant.
  • Moose are usually calm when it comes to humans; however during mating season hormones may cause the bull to become aggressive.
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Moose
  • The nostrils of a moose are skilled at closing when the head is immersed in water.
  • Cold winter months are the most difficult for moose mostly due to a significant decrease in available food.
  • In cold winter seasons moose force to rely on a diet with lower nutritional value.
  • Moose are the most hunted big game animal in the state of Alaska.
  • Each year, about 7,000 moose are harvested in Alaska alone.

If you would like to find out more about the moose, I have written a complete guide you may like. You can find the article here.

Bryan Harding

Bryan has spent his whole life around animals. While loving all animals, Bryan is especially fond of mammals and has studied and worked with them around the world. Not only does Bryan share his knowledge and experience with our readers, but he also serves as owner, editor, and publisher of North American Mammals.

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