10 Most Dangerous Mammals in North America


Bison

North America, as one of the most populated countries on earth, is also one with the most recorded deaths and attacks by deadly mammals. Many of the mammals listed here will come as no surprise to you, however, there are a few which you may not have thought about. With so many species of animals in North America, we will start with the most obvious and leave the most surprising until last.

Bears

North America is populated by three separate species of bears, including the brown bear commonly known as the grizzly, the black bear, and the polar bear. 

The black bear has a range of six colors including red, blonde, blue, chocolate and cinnamon, in addition to the expected black. 

The American black bear and the brown bears are omnivorous and eat mostly vegetation, but will eat meat when the opportunity arises. The polar bear is classed as a marine mammal and is a carnivore.

The most intimidating of the two land species is the grizzly bear. Standing at 5-8 feet (1.52-2.44 meters) in height, they weigh around 700 pounds, (317 kilograms) and have been seen running at speeds up to 30 miles per hour (48 kilometers per hour.)

Black Bear Paw With sharp Claws in view

Brown bears have a home range of up to 1000 square miles (2590 square kilometers) and if you are found within their territory, you may be perceived as either a threat or prey.

Significantly smaller than the brown bear and described as more fearful than aggressive towards humans is the black bear. Standing at only 5-6 feet (1.52-1.83 meters) and weighing in at 200-600 pounds (91-272 kilograms) and occupies a home range of 15-80 square miles (39-207 square kilometers). 

Black bears are much more likely to see a human as a threat rather than as prey and as such may be triggered into either fight or flight mode.

Polar bear

Between the years 2000 and 2017 there have been 46 incidents resulting in 48 recorded deaths from both black and brown bears, averaging 2.8 deaths per year. Ten of these deaths were recorded in Alaska. 21 of the 46 attacks were recorded as brown bears, where 25 were marked as black bears. 

Many people think that they can escape from bears by climbing trees. To find out if bears can climb trees, I have written this article here which will answer if this is a good means of escape.

Wolves

There are two wolf species found in North America. The gray wolf and the red wolf.

The gray wolf is the most common wolf species throughout North America. They have a head and body length of 36-63 inches (91.4-160 centimeters) plus the long tail and weigh anywhere from 40-75 pounds (18-34 kilograms). Although it is uncommon for gray wolves to attack humans, they have a much greater reputation for attacking domestic animals. 

As a fearsome pack animal, they have the strength and ability to take down prey as large as a moose. In 2003 a study showed that there had been 25 unprovoked wolf attacks in the preceding years, none of which were fatal. 

Red wolves are sometimes referred to as the halfway species between the gray wolf and the coyote. They are around 48 inches (122 centimeters) in length and weigh in at 45-80 pounds (20-36 kilograms). They are classified as critically endangered and there are fewer than 35 wild individuals left.

Ever wondered what the difference is between a wolf and the next animal on our list. You can find out in an article I have written here.

Coyotes

The coyote is one of the most adaptable of the wild canine groups in North America and due to this, the population seems to be at an all-time high. 

As the human population expands and invades the territory of the coyote, they have no choice but to integrate into this new style of modern habitat.

Due to their fairly small size, head and body length of 32-37 inches (81-94 centimeters) and a weight of 20-50 pounds (9-23 kilograms) the rare attacks from coyotes on humans are generally not fatal and do very little injury, but the frequency is increasing. There have been two recorded deaths from a coyote attack.

However, like their wolf relatives, the domestic animals kept by humans are often easy prey. One study has shown that in Chicago alone, coyote attacks on pets have increased substantially with attacks on small dogs and cats ending fatally most of the time.

coyote
A coyote going into the water to cross a slough

37% of attacks investigated were predatory, where the prey was chased and bitten, although only 6% of attacks were pet related and a significant 24% were unknown.

Ever wondered if you have coyotes coming to your yard. If you have and want to know how to get rid of them, I have written an article which you can find here.

Mountain Lion

The mountain lion, also known as a puma, cougar, panther or catamount, is widespread throughout North America. They reach head and body length of 3.25-5.25 feet (1-1.6 meters) and can weigh 136 pounds (62 kilograms). 

Mountain lions are solitary but will share a territory of around 30 square miles (78 square kilometers) with one or two other individuals. Mountain lions can leap 40 feet (12 meters) with a running start, scale a 12-foot (3.66 meter) fence and reach speeds of 50 miles (80 kilometers) per hour.

They tend to keep to themselves, but there are occasional attacks on humans, usually children or singular adults. They average 4 attacks on humans each year, and on average, only one is fatal. Unfortunately, the mortality rate for domesticated animals such as cats, dogs and livestock is much higher.

For more information on attacks on humans by cougars, I have written an article which you can find here.

American Bison

Bison
Bison

The American Bison are the heaviest land animals in North America weighing 930-2200 pounds (420-1000 kilograms) and reaching shoulder heights of 5-6.5 feet (152-198 centimeters). Although purely herbivorous, they can still be quite deadly when threatened. 

The majority of attacks on humans are caused by the bison feeling threatened by an invasion of space. In these instances, they have charged causing blunt force trauma both from the initial impact and being tossed into the air then suffering the impact of landing.

Bison
Bison

With sharp, curved horns which can reach up to 2 feet (61 centimeters) in length, these beasts are capable of brutal penetration, causing the most detrimental damage.

The bison is a keystone species. To find out more, I have written this article which you can find here.

White-Tailed Deer

Although not deadly in the same sense as the bear or bison, there are still 29,000 injuries caused by them every year, in addition to 130-200 deaths. These occurrences are caused by vehicle collisions, and between 2005-2006 there were 1.5 million of these collisions reported. 

Domestic Dogs

Photo of dog

If our much-loved pets feel threatened or abused, they can become dangerous. Occasionally, attacks happen that are unprovoked. There are around 4.5 million dog bite incidents in North America each year and in the years 2005 through to 2018, 471 people were killed by domestic dogs.

Cattle

Cow Farm Animal at alpine green valley summer pasture

North America contains around 94.4 million cattle, three-quarters of which are beef cattle and the rest dairy cattle. Cattle contribute to 90% of farm-related injuries, which has been caused by charging, bucking or kicking when they feel threatened, and entering a state of fight or flight.

Many deaths and injuries are caused by large bulls which have immense muscle mass and incredible strength.

Humans

Of all the deadly mammals of North America, humans are the deadliest. In 2016 there were 1.6 million hospital visits for assault-related injuries and in 2017 there were 19,510 homicide-related deaths. 14,542 were firearm-related, a tool which only humans are capable of controlling.

More often than not, humans have a motive for murder, with many times the murderer being known to the deceased.

Conclusion

These are just ten of the most dangerous mammals of North America, ranging from the most obvious brown and black bears to the least obvious and unexpected farm-related deaths and injuries. Many of these animals will only attack out of feeling threatened, but some attack for sport, or food. Unfortunately, humans are the deadliest mammals in North America.

References

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Bryan Harding

Bryan has spent his whole life around animals. While loving all animals, Bryan is especially fond of mammals and has studied and worked with them around the world. Not only does Bryan share his knowledge and experience with our readers, but he also serves as owner, editor, and publisher of North American Mammals.

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