Skip to Content



Least concern conservation status

Scientific Classification

Binomial nameOvibos moschatus

Range Map

Range of species in blue


The muskox is a hoofed mammal found in Greenland, the Canadian Arctic and parts of Alaska and Canada. Muskox are characterized by a thick coat and a strong odor emitted during the seasonal rut by males.

Both males and females present long and curved horns. Muskoxen measure between 1.1 to 1.5 meters high and have an average body length spanning from 150 to 250 cm, with females being smaller than males. Their average weight is 285 kilograms. 

During the summer, these animals live in wet areas such as river valleys and move to higher elevations in the winter period to avoid deep snow.

They primarily feed on grasses, lichens, mosses and Arctic willows. Their primary predator is the Arctic wolf.

These animals live in herds of about 10 to 20 individuals.