Elk

Elk
Elk

Conservation

Least concern conservation status

Scientific Classification

OrderArtiodactyla
FamilyCervidae
SubfamilyCervinae
GenusCervus
Binomial nameCervus canadensis

Range Map

Range of species in blue

Description

The elk is one of the biggest members of the deer family. They live in the United States and southern Canada.  Their color varies from tan to dark brown. They measure from 2.1 to 2.4 m in length and weigh between 220 to 330 kg. 

The elk is a herbivore that eats grasses, leaves, bark, and brushwood. They live mainly in forests, and have an expected lifespan of 10 to 13 years in the wild.