Cougar

Conservation

Least concern conservation status

Scientific Classification

OrderCarnivora
SuborderFeliformia
FamilyFelidae
SubfamilyFelinae
GenusPuma
Binomial namePuma concolor

Range Map

Range of species in blue

Description

The cougar is a solitary, elusive, and mostly nocturnal wildcat. They are also called the puma, mountain lion, and catamount.

Their color is grayish-brown with white on the underbody.  Cougars measure about 2.4 m long (including the tail) and weigh from 53 to 100 kg. 

Cougars are carnivores, eating mainly deer, but will also prey on elk, coyotes, mountain goats, beavers, moose, and wild sheep. Smaller cougars eat smaller mammals.

They can live in an enormous range of habitats in all of North American, except for northern Canada and Alaska. They have a lifespan that ranges between 8 to 13 years.

Articles

How Do Cougars Get Their Food?

Why Do Cougars Attack Humans (And How To Deal With Them?)