Skip to Content

Arctic Fox

Arctic Fox


Least concern conservation status

Scientific Classification

Binomial nameVulpus lagopus

Range Map

Range of species in blue


The Arctic fox lives in some of the harshest conditions on Earth. They live in the Arctic regions of North America. They live in extremely cold temperatures and have adapted well to their surroundings.

They are small with a body length up to 68 cm and a weight of 3.5 kg, with females slightly smaller at 55 cm and 2.9 kg.

Arctic foxes have thick white fur, which helps to keep them warm and camouflaged against the snow. They curl up to minimize heat loss, tucking their head and legs under their body and tail. Arctic foxes live in dens, which helps minimize heat loss from the Arctic wind. The dens are southward facing to make the den warmer from the sun.

The main diet for the arctic fox is lemmings, although they will eat any small animals, including hares, fish, birds, vole, and also bird eggs and carrion.


How does the Arctic Fox Survive?

Why Do Foxes Scream?

How Do Foxes Navigate?