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California Sea Lion

young california sea lion at the ocean


Least concern conservation status

Scientific Classification

Binomial nameZalophus californianus

Range Map

Range of species in blue


The California sea lion is a species of eared seal native to the western part of North America. Their habitat ranges from southeast Alaska to central Mexico and includes the Gulf of California.

Males are larger than females, with males weighing up to 350 kilograms, while females up to 100 kilograms.

They can be found laid out on sandy or rocky beaches. They feed on fish and various species of squid, and predators include killer whales and great white sharks.

Californian sea lions are particularly intelligent.